Tuesday, May 19, 2020

How to Succeed in College Essay - 641 Words

How to Succeed in College College 101 has been a very informative class. It has taught me a lot about college and the changes you have to make while attending college. I learned a lot about certain programs that the school offers, I knew nothing about these programs before I took this class and I probably never would have known anything about them if I never would have taken this class. In this class I have learned about three important concepts that can be very useful throughout my college years to come. I think time management, determining values and balancing lifestyles are the three most important concepts you need to help you succeed in college. I think planning a day to day schedule of the things you have to do is very†¦show more content†¦Some people value education and material things while others value religion and spirituality. You have to identify the values that are going to make you happy because if you don’t you may try to accomplish things to make other people happy. Having values helps you to determine where you want to go in life and the decisions you make. If you value something you are pretty much going to base every thing you do around that. Having values makes you a unique person because it has a big impact on the choices you make and the lifestyle you live. One thing you have to value is college because if you don’t value it you won’t succeed in it because you don’t care what you do and you won’t achieve anything. Balancing your lifestyle while in college is very difficult because if you have a lot on your plate like children or other important responsibilities it’s hard to balance them all and attend college. I think this has a lot to do with time management because when making a schedule you have to put your family or other responsibilities in that schedule and make time for everything. Some people work full time and go to school full time and if you have a lot of things to deal with you will burn out from the stress that such a pace imposes on your mind and body. If you work less and eliminate some things than you will have more time while in college. In conclusion I really have learned a lot in this class and really has helped me to manage my time betterShow MoreRelatedHow to Succeed in College589 Words   |  2 Pagescommon steps to get it begins in college. At this stage of your life is where you can establish your goals and dreams, and make all the possible to make it happen. Through hard work and dedication you can achieve each of your goals. There is not an exact process to succeed in college, but here I am going to show you some steps, which are going to help you to stay closer to success such as, take TSI exam, registration, and get good grades. 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This education law largelyRead MoreGraduation Speech : College Readiness1327 Words   |  6 Pages1301 4 December 2014 College Readiness Students in today’s society are not adequately prepared in high school to enter and take on the challenges of college. Yet, millions of high school graduates dive right in because that is what they are expected to do. We are setting them up for failure by having this unrealistic expectation that students can succeed unprepared. According to The National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, nearly 60% of all first-time college students in the UnitedRead MoreStudent Athletes and Academics1134 Words   |  5 Pagestheir drive to succeed in the classroom. From the very beginning of organized college level athletics, the goal to want to succeed in athletics has forced students to put academics to the back burner. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Sperm and the Egg - Silly Story for Psy/265 - 722 Words

The Sperm and the Egg Felicia Felix PSY/265 December 4, 2011 Professor Tiffany Hamlett This is the journey of the white knight, Sperm, and his princess, Egg, on their journey to Castle infundibulum, which is the outer part of the fallopian tube, and the land of the uterus. With their arrival, it will be decided whether they will become a male or female embryo and in turn that embryo will become a baby! Princess Egg has waited a long time and looked forward for her white knight to find her. It is fate that the two will meet, because there are so many in their homes that it is only chance that they combine. We will be starting out with the princess in her home in the ovary, while the knight is†¦show more content†¦There are also many different traits they both bring to their meeting that affect the different physical aspects of the embryo. From the testicles, Sperm makes his way to the epididymis where he spends his time meeting with his fellow knights and maturing for about a month to prepare for the great battle to gain unity with Princess Egg forever. Once th ey finish their training, the knights travel into the Vans Deferens tube and move into the seminal vesicle where they freshen

Information Security Risk Analysis and Management free essay sample

Information security refers to the protection of information and its critical elements, including the systems and hardware that use, store, and transmit that information. An ideal organization usually comprises of the following layers of security put in place to safeguard its operations:- physical, operations, communications, networks, personnel, and information security. A risk can be defined as the probability that something unwanted will happen. Risk analysis and management therefore refers to the process of identifying risks to an organization’s information assets and infrastructure, and taking steps to reduce these risks to an acceptable level. Threats are dangerous actions that can cause harm. The degree of threat depends on the attackers Skills, Knowledge, Resources, Authority, and Motives. Vulnerabilities are weaknesses in victims that allow a threat to become effective. Risk management comprises of three major steps as shown in the figure below. Risk identification, risk assessment/analysis and risk control. Risk identification involves the examination and identification of the security status of the organization’s technology and the risk it faces. Risk assessment is the process of determining the extent to which the organization’s information assets are exposed or are at risk. Risk control involves putting controls in place to reduce the risk to an organisation’s data and information systems. The process of risk identification is broken down into stages. First the information security team identifies organization assets which include people, procedures, data, software, and hardware. Next the assets are classified and prioritized. Finally, threats are identified and prioritized. This final stage of threat identification is important because it helps the information security team to know and understand the possible risks out there in order to devise appropriate controls of mitigating against them. These potential threats include though not limited to the following. 1. Compromise of intellectual property: This occurs when attackers gain access to sensitive material that the organization considers integral to their day-to-day functions. 2. Information extortion: This occurs when an attacker is able to access packets of data before they reach their final destination. This threat is made possible by absence of secure systems of data transmission where encryption is implemented on all data coming in and going out of the organization. 3. Deviations in quality of service from service providers: Any form of attack in an organization in any of its key areas of operation can cripple its very existence. 4. Forces of nature: fire, floods, earthquakes are some of the calamities that an organization can face. Human error: This threat comes as a result of mistakes by employees or any other person that has direct access to the organization. This could also be caused by an accident or failure of an employee to follow procedure. 6. Technology obsolescence: The lack of up-to-date systems in an organization acts as a vulnerability that attackers can use to create attacks. Software vendors are aware of the threat and ensure they release frequent updates to the software to counter any new attacks present. This is a physical threat that comes about primarily from not ensuring proper physical security in an organization. . Technical hardware failures or errors: an organization is exposed when equipment is not maintained in proper working condition. 9. Technical software failures of errors: Both custom built and off shelf software are prone to attacks if measures are not put into place to defend them. Bugs, errors in codes are some of the vulnerabilities that lead to attacks whereby malicious code can be inserted into this code to carry out a specific act 10. Software attacks: these include viruses, worms, macros or denial of service. These attacks can be either internal (where a case of either a former employee makes an attack) or external where an attack is sent in from outside. By identifying the threats that pose potential danger to the organization, the organization saves time later when formulating controls be ensuring only potential threats are considered. After identifying the potential threats, they are ranked accordingly in order to quantify the level of effort required to defend against the said threat, that is, 1-5, with 5 representing a most dangerous threat. After identifying the potential threats to the organisation’s security, a risk assessment process is undertaken wherein an evaluation is carried out on each of the vulnerabilities. Each of the threats mentioned above is boosted by certain vulnerabilities within the organization. Therefore on completion of the risks identification stage it is easier for the security team to look at the assets in the organization and find out what vulnerabilities exist within the system that would bring about the threats. For example, technological obsolescence is identified as threat; the organization would need to understand that the assets need to be periodically reviewed to ensure it is up to date. The process of risk assessment comprises of a number of stages starting from assessing likelihood of the attack up to the point where possible controls are devised to mitigate against the attacks. In order to fully equip itself with necessary skills to fight attacks and threats, the security team needs to also understand the types of attacks it would be up against in the ideal organization setting. Some of these attacks include; †¢Malicious code – this refers to software designed to damage, destroy or deny service to the target system †¢Back door – is an electronic hole in software that is left open by accident or on purpose to give an attacker access to a system. †¢Brute force attack – This refers to the process of applying computing and network resources to try to crack a password using all possible combinations of the said password. †¢Denial of service attack refers to an attack where in an attacker sends a large number of connections to overwhelm a target with the aim of crippling it. Spoofing is a technique used to gain unauthorized access to a computer where an intruder sends messages to a computer indicating that the message is coming from a trust source. †¢Sniffing refers to design of a program or a device that can monitor data travelling over a network. †¢Social engineering – this is the process of using social skills to convince people to reveal access credentials or other valuable information to the attacker. This can be done through media sites including Facebook and twitter. Man-in-the-middle attack is a method of attacking a system that relies on knowledge of some or all of the plain text that was used to generate a cipher text. †¢Dictionary attack – this is a form of brute force attack on passwords that uses a list of commonly used passwords instead of random combinations. †¢Virus attacks – a virus is one of two forms of malicious code or malware. It requires a host software environment in which to execute withou t which it cannot function. Risk control involves identifying measures that can be put into place to prepare the organization not just to respond to any imminent attack but also to prepare for its recovery to be able to function again optimally. There are three main mitigation plans that an organization needs to put in place when planning risk control mechanisms; a)Incident response plan- This plan comprises of actions that the organization expects all employees to adhere to during the time the attack is being experienced. An ideal incident response plan should include clear guidelines on steps to take during the incident, information gathering strategy during the incident and it is only valid for the period wherein the attack is experienced. b)Disaster recovery plan – This is a plan prepared to be executed in the event that the organization is hit by a threat however unlikely it is. As an entity, the organization is expected to perform at least at optimum level, so immediately after that an attack occurs, the priority should immediately be damage control to recover what can be recovered immediately as quickly as possible. The disaster recovery plan includes procedures for recovery of lost data (especially sensitive data required for the organization to operate), procedures for the reestablishment of lost services to enable the organization get back to operation as fast as possible, and shutdown procedures that may be deemed protective of data and systems (e. g. shutdown of power immediately after a tsunami to avoid further catastrophe). c)Business continuity plan – in the event that the disaster recovery plan is not sufficient to bring back the organization to optimal operation, there must be another plan that will take effect at that point. The business continuity plan is activated when the infrastructure is totally unable to perform hence relocation of operations to an alternative location. Information technology over time has evolved drastically to a point where companies no longer look to technological advancement as a means to be ahead of the competition but endeavor to improve their assets so that they do not get greatly affected by looming threats to a point where they cannot provide their clients with services they have got used to. It would be extremely costly even for a very big organization to put together resources (funds and personnel) to prepare strategies for every conceivable threat. 5 major strategies have been identified to guide organizations in addressing threats with depending on the level of the danger presented by the particular threat; 1. Defend this strategy assumes and expects the worst when preparing for threats. It looks at attempting to remove vulnerabilities from assets and adding protective safeguards; it should be noted, however, that it is nearly impossible to completely remove a threat. An example of this strategy is where an organisation purchases antivirus software and puts in place policies to ensure it is up to date to prevent virus attacks. By putting this measure into place, it is deflecting the threat hence minimizing the risk of a possible attack. 2. Transfer – In this strategy, the organisation shifts risk to other organisations and focuses on what it does best. This helps keep the organisation concentrated on their operations and not have to worry about information and asset security. An example if banks in Uganda which instead of taking up the cumbersome responsibility of ensuring ATM machines are always functioning properly, have outsourced this activity to formidable IT companies whose primary role is to ensure the machines are functional at all times at whatever cost. 3. Mitigate – Mitigation involves creation of the 3 plans mentioned earlier – incident response plan, disaster recovery plan and business continuity plan. This strategy was successfully implemented in Mitsubishi Heavy Industries in September 2011 where 48 servers and 38 computers in 11 locations, including headquarters, where affected by a virus attack. To counter this attack in future, Mitsubishi set up inbound measures by putting in place secure antivirus systems to stop internal attacks and ensure a threat free internal environment, and also instituted at outbound measure by putting strong checks on all external communication. This meant that even if one computer was attacked it would not spread the effect to other computers within the company. Another example of execution of this strategy was when Japan was hit by an earthquake in March 2011; the effects of the catastrophe were so big that 38% of businesses were hugely affected. A total of 3 nuclear reactors had meltdowns causing many electrical generators to be taken down. In this occurrence, an organisation had to immediately activate the business continuity plan in order to remain in operation. 4. Accept: The accept control strategy is where an organisation/company decides to do nothing about a threat either because risk assessment showed that the threat is not so much of a risk, or the costs of putting structures to protect the asset are much higher than costs of recovery in case of an attack. An example of this strategy can be seen in the mobile platform where smartphones have been developed almost to the level of a mini computer. For instance android applications, unlike apple and blackberry, can be distributed by anyone anywhere online without having to use Google play whereas distribution of blackberry and apple apps must be done through blackberry appworld and itunes respectively. The most a consumer can do is ensure their phone is updated with security software but one may not be able to totally mitigate against malicious applications. Terminate: This strategy involves an organisation terminating activities for which development of preventive measures would be too costly or that have uncontrollable risks. 90000 domains were affected by at attack on an open-source software for ecommerce called OsCommerce. An organisation could terminate this activity on their website completely due to the negative exposure it gets especially if customers were directly affected by the attack.  Determining the suitable strategy to pursue involves a number of factors including nature of vulnerability, costs of prevention, costs of recovery, and magnitude of risk. Every vulnerability can have a specific strategy.

Wednesday, April 22, 2020

The Case Against Corporal Punishment Essay Example For Students

The Case Against Corporal Punishment Essay CP As the crime rate in our country grows, teaching our children right from wrong is one of the most important tasks facing educators. At some point or another, this task will require some sort of disciplinary action. In years past, schools used corporal punishment to discipline children. Connie Paige reports that, According to U.S. Department of Education statistics, more than 600,000students were struck by teachers in public schools in 1990. Studies show that in todays society, corporal punishment does more harm than good here in the United States. Many states have recognized the problems associated with corporal punishment and have begun to phase it out of their system. Still, many states especially those in the South, hold on to this outdated form of discipline. Research, coupled with the opinions of most health care professionals, indicate that there is a problem. Corporal punishment is not an effective form of discipline in schools. We will write a custom essay on The Case Against Corporal Punishment specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now One of the major complaints against corporal punishment is that many educators misuse it. Discrimination is a key problem in the use of corporal punishment. According to Kreck, Research has shown that boys are hit more often than girls; disabled students are hit more often than students who arent handicapped. Minority kids are hit more often than Anglo students. In fact, black children are three times likely to be paddled than white children (Paige, 26). Corporal punishment can also be implemented to an abusive level. There is a fine line between corporal punishment and abuse. No one can agree on when corporal punishment begins to become abuse (Pride, 8). All states have rules that are supposed to regulate corporal punishment but in many cases these rules are easy to get around. For example, most laws require that a witness oversee the spanking. The witness is usually another teacher or faculty member, often with the same viewpoint as the disciplining teacher (Hagen). Obviously this taking sides can lead to an unfair situation for the child. Another factor in the misuse of corporal punishment is that it is, or shall we say should be, a violation of the childs rights. According to Carol Kreck, most states have laws forbidding the hitting of animas, prisoners, soldiers, and mental patients. It is astonishing that our children dont share these same rights. Secondly, corporal punishment teaches the wrong lesson. According to Dr. Gil Simon, a Sacramento pediatrician, spanking teaches children that violence solves problems and stimulates more bad behavior (Perkins). Children who are spanked also learn that hitting is an acceptable form of expressing anger (Haynes, 65). One might wonder if this might be the root of the violence problem in our society. If it is not the root, it is definitely an underlying factor. In recognition of this, many national organizations oppose corporal punishment. According to Kreck, these include The American Academy of Pediatrics, The National Education Association, The National Parent-Teacher Association, The American Bar Association, The American Medical Association, The Easter Seals Society, The National Coalition to Abolish Corporal Punishment in Schools, as well as many unnamed others. Dr. Irwin Hyman, Director of The National Center for the Study of Corporal Punishment and Alternatives adds to the argument against corporal punishment by stating that, Hitting merely suppresses behavior. It gets results in the short run, but doesnt teach morality. It only teaches fear (Perkins). Corporal punishment is also damaging to children. Since all children are different, it is impossible for an educator to know how hard to hit a particular child. A spanking that is thought to be beneficial could actually be abusive. .u5347190c91b0c5b5f9cde7183a242878 , .u5347190c91b0c5b5f9cde7183a242878 .postImageUrl , .u5347190c91b0c5b5f9cde7183a242878 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u5347190c91b0c5b5f9cde7183a242878 , .u5347190c91b0c5b5f9cde7183a242878:hover , .u5347190c91b0c5b5f9cde7183a242878:visited , .u5347190c91b0c5b5f9cde7183a242878:active { border:0!important; } .u5347190c91b0c5b5f9cde7183a242878 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u5347190c91b0c5b5f9cde7183a242878 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u5347190c91b0c5b5f9cde7183a242878:active , .u5347190c91b0c5b5f9cde7183a242878:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u5347190c91b0c5b5f9cde7183a242878 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u5347190c91b0c5b5f9cde7183a242878 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u5347190c91b0c5b5f9cde7183a242878 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u5347190c91b0c5b5f9cde7183a242878 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u5347190c91b0c5b5f9cde7183a242878:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u5347190c91b0c5b5f9cde7183a242878 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u5347190c91b0c5b5f9cde7183a242878 .u5347190c91b0c5b5f9cde7183a242878-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u5347190c91b0c5b5f9cde7183a242878:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Effects of Deforestation Essay Bruising, hitting in the back, and hitting the legs can easily occur when spanking children. Corporal punishment can also have profound psychological effects on children. Children generally concentrate on the spanking and not the reason for that spanking (Haynes, 65). Many health professionals agree that spanking does not work and usually worsens the childs behavior (Perkins). Corporal punishment is also emotionally damaging to children. According to an article in USA Today, spanking humiliates children (Pride, 8). This humiliation could lead to problems like low self-esteem and hatred for authority, which can be detrimental to a childs success in growing to adulthood. Also, spanking often generates feelings .

Monday, March 16, 2020

Cortar Conjugation in Spanish, Translation, and Examples

Cortar Conjugation in Spanish, Translation, and Examples The Spanish verb  cortar  means to cut or to cut off. It  is a regular  -ar  verb, so to conjugate cortar use the same pattern as other -ar  verbs, like  ayudar  and cenar.  The tables below include  cortar conjugations in the present, past and future indicative, the present and past subjunctive, the imperative, and other verb forms like the past and present participles. Using the Verb Cortar In Spanish, cortar  can be used like the verbs to cut or to cut off in English. For example,  Voy a cortar el papel  (I am going to cut the paper), or  Tengo que cortar un pedazo de carne  (I have to cut off a piece of meat). A more informal use of  cortar  is to talk about breaking up a relationship. For example,  Pedro y Ana cortaron la semana pasada  (Pedro and Ana broke up last week). In addition,  cortar  can be used when referring to ending a conversation, especially on the phone. For example,  Yo cortà © la llamada porque llevbamos mucho tiempo hablando  (I ended the call because we had been talking for a long time). Other verbs that have meanings similar to cortar are partir (tu cut, break apart, or divide) and picar (to chop). Cortar Present Indicative Yo corto I cut Yo corto un pedazo de papel con tijeras. T cortas You cut T cortas un trozo de queso para el almuerzo. Usted/l/ella corta You/he/she cuts Ella corta el cordn umbilical del beb. Nosotros cortamos We cut Nosotros cortamos el csped del jardn. Vosotros cortis You cut Vosotros cortis pelo en el saln de belleza. Ustedes/ellos/ellas cortan You/they cut Ellos cortan las flores para hacer un arreglo. Cortar Preterite  Indicative The preterite  tense can be translated as the simple past in English. It is used to talk about completed actions  in the past. Yo cort I cut Yo cort un pedazo de papel con tijeras. T cortaste You cut T cortaste un trozo de queso para el almuerzo. Usted/l/ella cort You/he/she cut Ella cort el cordn umbilical del beb. Nosotros cortamos We cut Nosotros cortamos el csped del jardn. Vosotros cortasteis You cut Vosotros cortasteis pelo en el saln de belleza. Ustedes/ellos/ellas cortaron You/they cut Ellos cortaron las flores para hacer un arreglo. Cortar Imperfect  Indicative The imperfect tense can be translated to English as was cutting or used to cut. It is used to talk about ongoing or habitual actions in the past.   Yo cortaba I used to cut Yo cortaba un pedazo de papel con tijeras. T cortabas You used to cut T cortabas un trozo de queso para el almuerzo. Usted/l/ella cortaba You/he/she used to cut Ella cortaba el cordn umbilical del beb. Nosotros cortbamos We used to cut Nosotros cortbamos el csped del jardn. Vosotros cortabais You used to cut Vosotros cortabais pelo en el saln de belleza. Ustedes/ellos/ellas cortaban You/they used to cut Ellos cortaban las flores para hacer un arreglo. Cortar Future  Indicative Yo cortar I will cut Yo cortar un pedazo de papel con tijeras. T cortars You will cut T cortars un trozo de queso para el almuerzo. Usted/l/ella cortar You/he/she will cut Ella cortar el cordn umbilical del beb. Nosotros cortaremos We will cut Nosotros cortaremos el csped del jardn. Vosotros cortaris You will cut Vosotros cortaris pelo en el saln de belleza. Ustedes/ellos/ellas cortarn You/they will cut Ellos cortarn las flores para hacer un arreglo. Cortar Periphrastic Future  Indicative The periphrastic future is formed by three components: the present tense conjugation of the  verb  ir  (to go), the preposition  a  and the infinitive of the verb.   Yo voy a cortar I am going to cut Yo voy a cortar un pedazo de papel con tijeras. T vas a cortar You are going to cut T vas a cortar un trozo de queso para el almuerzo. Usted/l/ella va a cortar You/he/she is going to cut Ella va a cortar el cordn umbilical del beb. Nosotros vamos a cortar We are going to cut Nosotros vamos a cortar el csped del jardn. Vosotros vais a cortar You are going to cut Vosotros vais a cortar pelo en el saln de belleza. Ustedes/ellos/ellas van a cortar You/they are going to cut Ellos van a cortar las flores para hacer un arreglo. Cortar  Present Progressive/Gerund Form The present participle (gerundio  in Spanish) is used to form progressive forms such as the present progressive. To conjugate progressive tenses  you need an auxiliary verb, which in this case is the verb  estar. Present Progressive of Cortar   est cortando  Is cutting Ella est cortando el cordà ³n umbilical del bebà ©. Cortar Past Participle The past participle can be used as an adjective, or to form compound tenses such as the present perfect. Compound tenses include the verb  haber  as an auxiliary verb. Present Perfect of Cortar ha cortado  Has cut Ella ha cortado el cordà ³n umbilical del bebà ©. Cortar Conditional  Indicative The conditional tense is used to talk about possibilities or hypothetical situations, and is translated to English as would verb.   Yo cortara I would cut Yo cortara un pedazo de papel con tijeras si fuera necesario. T cortaras You would cut T cortaras un trozo de queso para el almuerzo, pero ya se acab. Usted/l/ella cortara You/he/she would cut Ella cortara el cordn umbilical del beb si el doctor se lo permitiera. Nosotros cortaramos We would cut Nosotros cortaramos el csped del jardn, pero no tenemos cortadora. Vosotros cortarais You would cut Vosotros cortarais pelo en el saln de belleza si hubiera espacio. Ustedes/ellos/ellas cortaran You/they would cut Ellos cortaran las flores para hacer un arreglo, pero es prohibido. Cortar Present Subjunctive Que yo corte That I cut La maestra pide que yo corte un pedazo de papel con tijeras. Que t cortes That you cut La nia quiere que t cortes un trozo de queso para el almuerzo. Que usted/l/ella corte That you/he/she cut El mdico permite que ella corte el cordn umbilical del beb. Que nosotros cortemos That we cut Mam quiere que nosotros cortemos el csped del jardn. Que vosotros cortis That you cut La estilista recomienda que vosotros cortis pelo en el saln de belleza. Que ustedes/ellos/ellas corten That you/they cut La florista quiere que ellos corten las flores para hacer un arreglo. Cortar Imperfect  Subjunctive There are two options for conjugating the imperfect subjunctive (which is also called the past subjunctive). Both options are correct. Option 1 Que yo cortara That I cut La maestra peda que yo cortara un pedazo de papel con tijeras. Que t cortaras That you cut La nia quera que t cortaras un trozo de queso para el almuerzo. Que usted/l/ella cortara That you/he/she cut El mdico permita que ella cortara el cordn umbilical del beb. Que nosotros cortramos That we cut Mam quera que nosotros cortramos el csped del jardn. Que vosotros cortarais That you cut La estilista recomendaba que vosotros cortarais pelo en el saln de belleza. Que ustedes/ellos/ellas cortaran That you/they cut La florista quera que ellos cortaran las flores para hacer un arreglo. Option 2 Que yo cortase That I cut La maestra peda que yo cortase un pedazo de papel con tijeras. Que t cortases That you cut La nia quera que t cortases un trozo de queso para el almuerzo. Que usted/l/ella cortase That you/he/she cut El mdico permita que ella cortase el cordn umbilical del beb. Que nosotros cortsemos That we cut Mam quera que nosotros cortsemos el csped del jardn. Que vosotros cortaseis That you cut La estilista recomendaba que vosotros cortaseis pelo en el saln de belleza. Que ustedes/ellos/ellas cortasen That you/they cut La florista quera que ellos cortasen las flores para hacer un arreglo. Cortar Imperative   The imperative mood is used to give direct orders or commands. The tables below show the positive and negative commands. Positive Commands T corta Cut! Corta un trozo de queso para el almuerzo! Usted corte Cut! Corte el cordn umbilical del beb! Nosotros cortemos Lets cut! Cortemos el csped del jardn! Vosotros cortad Cut! Cortad pelo en el saln de belleza! Ustedes corten Cut! Corten las flores para hacer un arreglo! Negative Commands T no cortes Dont cut! No cortes un trozo de queso para el almuerzo! Usted no corte Dont cut! No corte el cordn umbilical del beb! Nosotros no cortemos Lets not cut! No cortemos el csped del jardn! Vosotros no cortis Dont cut! No cortis pelo en el saln de belleza! Ustedes no corten Dont cut! No corten las flores para hacer un arreglo!

Saturday, February 29, 2020

Analysis of a Media Source’s Coverage on a Research

The Wall Street Journal published an article regarding a recent psychopharmacology study on depression done by Dr. Hunter that investigated whether pre-medication brain activity corresponded with treatment outcome. In addition, the article discusses the interesting results garnered from the placebo group v. medicated group analysis. While the news piece does a fair job in representing the study’s findings, the author does delve into extrapolations not statistically supported in the actual study. Fifty-one adults who were diagnosed with major depression were used in the study, and this was accurately reported by the news article (Wang, 2006). Hunter et al. investigated whether there were significant differences in â€Å"demographic characteristics, illness history, baseline illness severity, [and] final response[s],† and finding none, pooled the subjects for analysis (2006, p. 1427). This does give the Journal, who must condense the findings for the public, good reason to fail in reporting this. The study is experimental in nature, also using double-blind and randomized assignment to help rid the results of confounding variable input. All of the subjects were given a placebo anti-depressant for a one-week lead-in; after this, half of the individuals were continued on the placebo while the others were given one of two anti-depressants. Electroencephalograph (EEG) readings were taken at the time of enrollment, after the lead-in period, and several times later (over an eight week period). The Wall Street Journal condenses this explanation down, and while the article abandons the jargon of an experimenter, it does give the impression of an experimental method being followed. When the news article explains how the researchers defined their variables they leave out valuable information. The author states that patients with certain brain-patterns â€Å"ended up responding better to antidepressant treatment[s],† but fails to mention how this was evaluated (Wang, 2006, p. 1). A Hamilton depression scale was given to judge improvement, giving reliability to the study’s findings. However, the news piece does accurately report that EEG was also used, in an attempt to find a decrease in prefrontal lobe activity. This study uses a control group, those maintained on the placebo, and compares their EEGs to those of the medicated group, but the main focus of the research was the search for experimental evidence supporting that the commonly used one-week lead-in can predict treatment outcome via brain imaging. The Wall Street Journal article focuses on only a facet of the study, and one that the researcher’s claim to have nonsignificant support for. Wang states that, â€Å"patients who developed this brain-pattern change ended up responding better †¦ than patients who didn’t,† which is misleading to an audience that has not read the actual research (2006, p. 1). While Hunter et al. do find that their EEG scans were a good indicator of treatment success, they also caution that: Although the placebo and medication group analyses yielded different brain regional predictors of outcomes, because of the absence of statistical group interaction we cannot conclude that changes in †¦ [the differing brain regions] †¦ differentially predicted outcomes (2006, p. 430). The news article wrongly insinuates that the study provided evidence for a brain-pattern that is linked to a good treatment outcome in depression. It is certainly true that this study offered outcomes that encourage research in this direction, and that the author also seems to believe that the EEG-pattern found is â€Å"a good indicator† for success, but after reading the actual experiment, Wang seems to have inflated the actual findings. Having critiqued the insinuations of the news piece, the extrapolations made by the author do have some merit. The researchers discovered that both the medicated and the placebo groups had a similar variance â€Å"predicted by the neurophysiological changes occurring during the placebo lead-in phase† (Hunter et al. , 2006, p. 1429). They offered some possible causal factors such as â€Å"pharmacotherapeutic alliance and pretreatment expectations,† these results seem to demonstrate a placebo-treatment effect, which offers even more reason to further investigate how a patient’s treatment induction affects his/her progress (Hunter et al. , 2006, p. 1429). Though not mentioned or referenced in the Wall Street Journal item, the ethical issues surrounding this experiment are noted by Hunter et al. Providing individuals suffering from major depression placebos for eight weeks is risky, using a double-blind procedure makes it even more dangerous. While the IRB board of UCLA did require a 15-25 minute counseling session during each patient’s visit, this is a massive step down from the psychopharmacological and psychotherapeutic support offered at the recruitment area (a psychiatric outpatient hospital) (Hunter et al. 2006). Conversely though, this ethical â€Å"patch† does raise an interesting question for further research, lightly touched on by the study’s authors; if this psychotherapy (however minute) was responsible for a pre-treatment neurophysiological shift, and the shifts that were indicatory of better treatment outcomes could be identified, research could be done to more effectively meld psychotherapy and medic al psychiatry. It is understandable why media reports often leave out details of a research study, often the conclusions and discussion by the author/s of the study are of more interest to the public. However, when a media piece merely latches onto a nonsignificant observation or a suggestion for future research found in the study, the true findings of the experiment are overshadowed by the speculation of the piece’s author. When a media source offers information about a study, it is vital to maintain a skeptical and critical mindset towards the findings until they are corroborated by the primary source. It is important to look for information that supports the generalizability of the study’s findings. In the piece presented above, it is worth noting that the study was done on depressed individuals, other psychopathologies may not have any correlation to the results or conclusions provided. The media also commonly jumps from correlation to causation, whether directly or implicitly. While scientific information is the goal of research, sensitization by the media will usually occur to some degree.

Wednesday, February 12, 2020

Medical Marijuana Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

Medical Marijuana - Essay Example Contextually, the use of marijuana has confronted with various significant issues owing to the reason of the infringement of federal law in different countries2. Thesis Statement In this paper, the legal issues concerning whether or not the existing medicinal marijuana program in California violates the federal law of the nation and the power of the federal government towards limiting the passage of laws linked with medical marijuana would be addressed. Moreover, the issue relating to the lawful right of raiding medicinal marijuana providers by the officials of law enforcement belonging to any state will also be addressed in this paper. Analysis or Discussion California has been viewed to be one of the states, which is certified towards using marijuana especially for medicinal purposes. In relation to analyze the legal issue concerning whether or not the violation of California’s current program relating to medical marijuana violates federal law, it has been viewed that the Ca lifornia voters enthusiastically passed the ‘Compassionate Use Act’ in order to legalize the substance i.e. marijuana particularly for medical purposes in the year 1996. It has been apparently observed in this context that California has been a foremost leader in adopting marijuana legally3.Before the year 1996, California prohibited the sale as well as the possession of marijuana but the state once again started to endorse in making limited drug usage for medical reasons only with the commencement of the aforementioned Act. The state considered this approach for the motive of delivering useful drugs to the patients at the time of any urgency. The Act was mainly established in order to persuade both state along with federal governments for adopting as well as implementing deliberate steps towards ensuring secure and sensible drug allocation to the patients in necessity4. There are various reasons for introducing the ‘Compassionate Use Act of 1996’ in Califo rnia. In this similar concern, the different purposes of the Act encompass ensuring that every seriously ill individual of California possesses the right to acquire as well as use marijuana especially for medical reasons and fostering both federal as well as state government towards utilizing a plan for delivering effective allocation of marijuana to all patients in need5. With regard to analyze the legal issue concerning whether California’s current medical marijuana program violates federal law, it has been apparently observed that federal law forbids the production, allocation as well as possession of marijuana by a significant level. In this regard, no exclusion has been facilitated by the federal law for using marijuana for medical purposes. The federal law strongly possesses the viewpoint that the substance i.e. marijuana is extremely addictive and most importantly does not bear any medicinal value. This critical standpoint of the federal government against marijuana ma y cause the medical practitioners to not recommend marijuana to be used for medical reasons under the provision of federal law. The federal laws concerning the use of marijuana have been identified to be quite serious and to be depicting severe punishment to those individuals who broadly engage in the